The Week That’s Done: Taiwan’s drought threatens semiconductor supplyMarch 26, 2023
Is biotech the new semiconductor industry? Big Pharma hopes the answer is yes. Plus: Russia's path to become a Chinese “resource colony,” resurgence in offshore oil and gas, drought in Taiwan threatens semiconductor production, and what's actually up with China's domestic Covid vaccine?
Deglobalization Round-Up: March 25March 25, 2023
US reshoring job numbers hit record high, Chinese authorities raid Mintz's office, TikTok CEO has a tough day in Congress, and Sweden shifts away from its full embrace of free trade with draft foreign investment review regulations.
The Week That’s Done: China’s industrial strategyMarch 19, 2023
We give you a blueprint of China's industrial strategy and will a Guinean iron ore mine help China slash dependence on Australian imports? Meanwhile, the EU unveils a critical minerals plan just as China tightens its grips on cobalt and lithium, Black Sea Grain deal uncertainty, and trade controls served two ways.
Deglobalization Round-up: March 18March 18, 2023
Vanguard ditches China, and so do software developers. Plus: A potential TikTok ban, the EU moves to restrict investments in overseas production facilities, and a new paper points to the benefits of reshoring API Production.
The Week That’s Done: Japan’s Green Hydrogen BetMarch 12, 2023
Japan has recognized the strategic value of friendshoring since well before it became a buzz phrase—and a burgeoning Japan-Australia hydrogen partnership could offer lessons to other countries. Meanwhile, the US shale boom looks to be flagging, a new report raises aluminum alarms, and Europe’s China stance is hardening. Plus: Are we back to supply chain normality yet?
Deglobalization Round-Up: March 11March 11, 2023
Canada moves to review mineral investments, Germany to review telecommunications networks, and the US to review technologies emanating from adversary countries. Plus US companies are rethinking Chinese supply chains, reshoring solar energy production promises to accelerate decarbonization, and Silicon Valley Bank's China tie.
The Week That’s Done: The Smartphone Space RaceMarch 5, 2023
The satellite space race is heating up—and China sees it as the next battlefield in the mobile communications contest. Plus: markets overreact to Tesla’s ex-rare earths announcement, Beijing's lithium crackdown, and Britain’s salad crisis. And banger factory activity in China contrasts with contraction in the US.
Deglobalization Round-Up: March 4March 4, 2023
General Electric invests in the US as Apple's China suppliers seek international bases, the US solar industry tries to wean itself off China, and HSBC admits that its support for Beijing has threatened human rights. Plus, Putin and Biden shore up their respective, conflicting alliances against a backdrop of global trade, Beijing's data control, and new additions to the entity list.
The Week That’s Done: The Rare Earth ConundrumFebruary 26, 2023
Australian rare earth miner Lynas hits roadblocks in Malaysia, just as the red carpet is rolled out for its Chinese competitors. Meanwhile, battery giant CATL wants to lock in business with cut-rate prices—but only to select EV makers. Plus, natural gas prices tumble and a manufacturing slowdown in Japan.
Deglobalization Round-Up: February 25February 25, 2023
The Kyocera president says that China is "no longer viable" as the world's factory, as developments in rare earths and semiconductors underscore the point. Plus, China looks further to shore up dependencies on chips, foreign auditors and the US sets up a "Disruptive Technology Strike Force."
The Week That’s Done: February 19February 19, 2023
Ford and CATL are teaming up to build a EV battery factory in the US, and it's a new lightning rod for the US-China competition. Europe's gas dilemma remains while the US reasserts itself as the global oil price maker. Plus, another week of a mixed bag of economic data, and US fund manager VanEck might be getting cold feet on China.
Deglobalization Round-Up: February 17February 17, 2023
China bets sink Tiger Global and the Singapore sovereign wealth fund balks at Beijing. Plus semiconductor companies moving out of China, Europe's push for solar, and the "critical-minerals club."
The Week That’s Done: February 12February 12, 2023
Fueled by Chinese demand, Brazil is on pace to tie the US as the world's largest corn exporter. Plus: A natural gas trading hub in Turkey could help Russia circumvent sanctions, China's opening threatens new inflationary pressures, and Pakistan wants a bail-out.
Deglobalization Round-Up: February 10February 10, 2023
Redwood Materials receives a 2 billion USD loan to produce battery materials in the US and the EU doubles down on cutting dependence on foreign energy sources. Plus spy balloon fall-out, aluminum detentions, and outbound investment screening.
The Week That’s Done: February 5February 5, 2023
The EU goes head to head with the US on industrial policy, right when cooperation is most necessary. Plus, BP says that fossil fuels are out but US oil production surges and the world can't kick coal, China's pending export restrictions on solar and rare earth technology, and General Motors pushes ahead with investments in vertical integration. Plus: spy balloon.
Deglobalization Round Up: February 2February 2, 2023
Nucor sees reshoring pushing up demand for it steel and US forgers call for continuing tariffs on China. Plus, Sony moves out of China, Europe's wake-up, the US courts India, and concerns over TuSimple.
The Week That’s Done: January 29January 29, 2023
Copper shortfall and a graphite black swan from China raises questions about future battery supply. Plus, Italy takes steps toward becoming a European energy hub, China's natural gas crunch explained, a multilateral move in chip restrictions on China, and the Maersk-MSC breakup could shake up global shipping.
Deglobalization Round-Up: January 27January 27, 2023
Slumping demand for Chinese goods hits international shipping, Apple moves away from China, and Senate legislation would ban Strategic Petroleum Reserve sales to China. Phoenix Tailings's co-founder, Canada's Minister of Natural Resources, and India's industry minister say they're ready for reshoring.
The Week That’s Done: January 22January 22, 2023
Is US manufacturing in a recession? China’s re-opening puts new strain on commodity markets, Europe rushes to Russian diesel as the oil product import ban nears, and Bolivia picks China’s CATL to develop its lithium salt flats, while the UK’s Britishvolt battery startup collapses. Plus: Bad news for food production and a China-Indonesia wrinkle.
Deglobalization Round-Up: January 19January 19, 2023
Davos might be the symbol of globalization, but even there, the trend toward deglobalization is clear - and MacroFab, GlobalFoundries, and active managers are benefiting (though investors in ByteDance aren't).
The Week That’s Done: January 15January 15, 2023
Wheat futures drop in their steepest weekly plunge since August, but risks remain – while the EU eyes more sanctions on Russian fuel, China eyes Australia’s lithium, and South Korea’s Q Cells eyes a new project in Georgia. Plus: A surprise rare earths find, US-EU tension, and a whole lot more.
Deglobalization Round-Up: January 13January 13, 2023
Will deglobalization be the defining trend of 2023? Moves by Apple, restrictions on Tesla, retaliation from China, and incentives in South Korea all suggest the answer is a strong yes.
The Week That’s Done: January 8January 8, 2023
With China moving on from COVID zero, the energy market looks to tighten – even more. Plus, US LNG exports ramp up, offshore wind energy hits headwinds, and manufacturing contracts, globally.
Deglobalization Round-Up: January 7January 7, 2023
Dell, Panasonic, Denso all rethink dependence on China, while The New York Times covers a turn to Mexico, China threatens retaliation for COVID-19 travel restrictions, and Moscow and Beijing join forces on propaganda.
The Week That’s Done: January 1January 1, 2023
Happy new year – it’s still the same chaotic world: With COVID-19 ravaging China, testing controversy brews and Paxlovid becomes a luxury good. Plus the US job market holds on tight, Russia retaliates over the oil price cap, Japan snaps up global LNG supply, and plastics prices plummet.
Deglobalization Round-Up: December 30December 30, 2022
Is the automotive industry the canary in the coal mine: Major auto makers turn away from China, Tesla shuts down production in Shanghai, BMW and Volkswagen grapple with soaring COVID-19 cases in China. Plus: Customs and Border Production detains goods made with North Korean labor and tensions between Serbia and Kosovo escalate.
The Week That’s Done: December 25December 25, 2022
Geopolitics goes back to basics: Zimbabwe bans lithium exports, the EU imposes a(n easily evaded) gas price cap, China and India snap up cheap Russian fuels, and the US moves forward on a strategic uranium reserve. Plus Myanmar and Russia coordinate on nuclear energy, the Bank of Japan shocks investors, and the US turns to Africa.
Deglobalization Round-Up: December 23December 23, 2022
Stellantis and Apple scale back from China, the Australian sovereign wealth fund projects continuing deglobalization, and Robert Lighthizer calls for strategic decoupling. Plus China increases oversight over cross-border data transfers.
The Week That’s Done: December 18December 18, 2022
New strains hit Europe’s energy systems while the US fights to invest in next generation solutions, and struggles at the upstream. Plus, a breakthrough in nuclear fusion, hope that inflation might be easing (kind of), Japan’s new defense strategy, and more.
Deglobalization Round-Up: December 16December 16, 2022
Redwood Materials announces a 3.5 billion USD recycling and manufacturing campus in South Carolina, while both McKinsey and Bank of America suggest that deglobalization is here to stay. Plus: China takes the US to court.
The Week That’s Done: December 11December 11, 2022
China pivots on Zero COVID as the G7 price cap on Russian oil exports goes into effect. And that’s just one example of a new move to values-aligned trade blocs. Plus: The upward trajectory of lithium battery and tin prices, Russian coal exports, and Germany’s efforts to diversify away from China.
Deglobalization Round-Up: December 9December 9, 2022
The EU sues China at the WTO as Beijing's effort to weaponize globalization come into sharp relief. Meanwhile, are semiconductors the canary in the coal mine for deglobalization?
The Week That’s Done: December 4December 4, 2022
Dampening inflation spurs enthusiasm, but where is the attention to contraction in the US manufacturing index? Plus: A roller coaster week for the growing US-EU trade spat, relaxation in China's COVID Zero restrictions, and a nascent EV industry shift to sodium-ion batteries.
Deglobalization Round-Up: December 2December 2, 2022
Australia prepares to tighten regulations on foreign investment in it critical minerals industry and Canada warns of dependence on unreliable trade partners. Plus former Cisco CEO predicts deglobalization in the tech sector - while Apple's China dilemma and MacroFab's profits prove his point.
The Week That’s Done: November 27November 27, 2022
There’s new progress in the ex-China rare earths supply chain, but is it enough? Plus: Energy turmoil as Europe’s bans on Russian oil and diesel loom; strikes threaten US, South Korean, and UK logistics; China’s back in lockdown; Taiwan has an election surprise; and the OECD summarizes things neatly with a gloomy outlook.
US Manufacturing PMI Data for November Shows Continued ContractionNovember 25, 2022
S&P Global PMI data, released November 23, showed continued contraction in the US manufacturing sector. The preliminary S&P Global US Manufacturing PMI fell to 47.6 from 50.4 in October, well below expectations of 50. This marks a 30-month low.
Deglobalization Round-Up: November 25November 25, 2022
Bill Ackman calls deglobalization a long-term structural tend, The Financial Times investigates it as a necessity for future prosperity, and growing contradiction between the US and Chinese business environments underscore its inevitability. Plus: Violence at Apple's main Chinese iPhone-making plant, continued supply chain disruption, and an opportunity for Mexico.
The Week That’s Done: November 20November 20, 2022
In the Indonesian new energy industry, the west risks financing China’s profit, and control. Plus, in factors: Enel builds a US solar panel plant; lithium stays hot; and the price cap on Russian oil nears. In markets: LNG prices resist demand, Japan’s economy shrinks, the UK does austerity – while stray missiles threaten to disrupt it all.
Deglobalization Round-Up: November 18November 18, 2022
A Congressional commission calls for revoking China's normal trade status, investors balk on China, friendshoring goes mainstream, and Ford champions a return to in-house production – while MAC Automation Concepts and Code Corporation in the US; Brandauer and In-Comm Training in the UK take action.
The Week That’s Done: November 13November 13, 2022
The EU’s ban on Russian petroleum products is a mere weeks away, winter looms, and the energy crisis is a global affair – with developing economies on the frontlines. Plus, deflation in China, competition in major metal exchanges, and the neon market heats up while palm oil cools.
Deglobalization Round-Up: November 11November 11, 2022
A week in deglobalization: A milestone for US-based foundry Skywater, the American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai sees US companies turning away from China, Apple's reality shows why, and Kellog and Aalberts report continuing supply chain challenges.
The Week That’s Done: November 6November 6, 2022
Beijing completes its space station and we benchmark the US-China space race – while the Fed keeps hiking, Maersk adds to recession fears, the Black Sea grain deal falters, and Canada orders Chinese lithium companies to divest. Plus: an OPEC for battery minerals?
Deglobalization Round-Up: November 4November 4, 2022
A week in deglobalization: Apple adds new production in India, Canada orders Chinese companies to divest, Bright Machines raises $132 million, Maersk warns of continued price pressures on supply chains, and Deloitte sees reshoring picking up steam.
The Week That’s Done: October 30October 30, 2022
US critical mineral capacity remains critically inadequate, China buys up Indonesia’s cobalt, and what are the prospects for made in USA uranium? Plus, US GDP grows, but pain under the surface, tech players crumble, and manufacturing stalls.
Deglobalization Round-Up: October 28October 28, 2022
A week in deglobalization: Japanese companies seek ex-China production, Motion Control Robotics breaks ground in Ohio, Mexican industrial real estate prepares to boom, GE faces supply chain snarls, and Bloomberg opinion calls for friendshoring.
US Manufacturing Stalls in OctoberOctober 26, 2022
S&P Global PMI data, released October 24, showed a near-stalled US manufacturing sector. The preliminary S&P Global US Manufacturing PMI fell to 49.9 from 52 in September, well below expectations of 51.2. The decline in US manufacturing activity -- driven by inflation, a strengthening dollar, and earlier stockpiling -- is expected to accelerate.
The Week That’s Done: October 23October 23, 2022
Washington announces another SPR release – amid dropping US crude production, tightening Russia-China-Saudi Arabia oil nexus, and a new oil supply shock on the horizon. Plus, false flag in copper prices, Chinese infrastructure, a skittish yen, and food concerns.
The Week That’s Done: October 16October 16, 2022
The international market is increasingly bifurcated and in the West, the dominant theme is shortage: Aluminum crunch, refining crunch, wheat crunch, freight crunch, LNG crunch narrowly avoided – for now. Plus, in markets, inflation persists; debt risks brew among emerging economies; and Germany's trade surplus shrinks.
The Week That’s Done: October 9October 9, 2022
OPEC explicitly snubs Washington and the West, showing that productive beats consumptive power. Also not brilliant: US monetary tightening is cooling the economy, but in all the wrong places – and that ups recession risks. Plus: Maize malaise in Europe, the Mississippi’s dry spell, a US industrial policy stumble in lithium, and plunging global FX reserves.
The Week That’s Done: October 2October 2, 2022
Poll results show that the US public backs revoking China’s PNTR status and markets should take heed. Plus: Nord Stream sabotage, the LME considers banning Russian metals, Chinese battery and EV firms are snapping up global lithium supply, and the US needs to step up gas production.
The Week That’s Done: September 25September 25, 2022
Beijing plays both sides of today’s energy war, while expanding its influence over tomorrow’s markets. Meanwhile, European industry falters and the UK falters, generally; the Fed ups the ante but Beijing and Tokyo continue to sit this round out; and is copper the bargain of the moment?
The Week That’s Done: September 18September 18, 2022
Inflation is up and FedEx is down: US economic indicators have alarm bells ringing – while Latin America faces triple digit inflation and energy crisis pushes Europe to full-on intervention. Plus: Tesla walks the US-China tightrope; coal prices soar while oil production drops, and a decision point nears for metals markets.
The Week That’s Done: September 11September 11, 2022
A deep dive into Europe’s energy crisis shows faltering industry and political fault-lines, no end in sight for Moscow’s economic warfare, and Beijing as the real winner – plus Europe intent on doubling down on its own mistakes. In markets, a weak currency could strengthen China’s hand, elsewhere it’s hikes hikes hikes, and will India join a major global bond index?
The Week That’s Done: September 4September 4, 2022
Water crisis in Jackson hammers home the national infrastructure plight. Plus: The yen continues to slide and global bonds enter bear market territory; Pakistan and Sri Lanka secure IMF loans while Russia wreaks energy market havoc (price cap be damned); new battery plants and chip export restrictions in the US suggest industrial policy at work – but is it working?
The Week That’s Done: August 28August 28, 2022
Moscow toys with global energy markets and LNG prices surge – with second-order consequences for Beijing’s international influence, global food supply, US inflation. Plus: Drought compounds agricultural crisis, the SPR sits at its lowest level since 1985, Japan eyes nuclear, and China launches a new wave of stimulus. And, of course, Powell says tighten your seatbelts.
The Week That’s Done: August 21August 21, 2022
Record temperature shut down China and squeeze Europe - not the heat the global economy needs. Plus the Chinese central bank cuts rates while UK inflation hits 10.1%, copper miners stay optimistic and the IRA gives them reason, and nuclear fears in Ukraine. Happy weekend!
The Week That’s Done: August 14August 14, 2022
The CHIPS Act is a carrot and Manchin's EV sourcing requirements a stick: US industrial competition could be ready for a comeback - if the private sector is on board. Plus: The energy scramble continues while Turkey plays metals middleman; US inflation relaxes, but so does productivity; and China flexes its delisting muscles
The Week That’s Done: August 7August 7, 2022
Across wheat, gas, steel, the shortage crisis has calmed - but (largely) because of dropping demand, not rising supply. With manufacturing slumping, future food production threatened, buffer eroded, what happens next? Plus: Storm clouds gather in the UK and China throws a temper tantrum.
The Week That’s Done: July 31July 31, 2022
Rare movement in DC offers a glimmer of hope for industrial investment – or at least a signal to the private sector. The bad news: This challenge is above government's pay grade; recession (word choice be damned) looms, and not just in the US; everywhere from energy to grain to space, Russia is adeptly playing spoiler. Plus: scandium, tritium, fixed-price forward contracts, and more.
The Week That’s Done: July 24July 24, 2022
The EU's twin energy and economic crises threaten the bloc's cohesion, also political losses on those struggling to hold it together. Plus: Inflationary pressures mean no tariffs on Russian fertilizer, dumping be damned; the EV revolution strengthens China's auto hand; monkeypox is a global health emergency; and more fun fun fun.
The Week That’s Done: July 17July 17, 2022
Inflation hits a whopping 9.1, but if anything the supply picture is getting worse: Peloton gives up on production, Intel stalls in Ohio, the Texas grid sputters, and Biden strikes out with MBS. Plus: Europe might be headed for shut off, China is gobbling up lithium, and there’s political chaos on the horizon.
The Week That’s Done: July 10July 10, 2022
From disruption in personality politics to cascading social (and economic) disruption, this week has it all. Plus, natural gas soars even if oil shows relief; China doubles down on lithium; dollar-euro parity nears; and the US continues to waffle on tariffs.
The Week That’s Done: July 3July 3, 2022
The good news: It's a long weekend. The bad: California can't figure out supply and demand, US manufacturing is slowing, and the G7's price cap scheme doesn't mean much. Plus: Things look even worse in Europe, copper's drop might just be a blip, will the chemical industry move to China?
The Week That’s Done: June 26June 26, 2022
With the energy crisis here to stay, the White House is throwing Econ 100 to the winds; Europe on a quest for new supply; and China sitting pretty atop cheap Russian imports that promise new energy influence, and leverage over the West. Meanwhile we round out the week with economic collapse in Sri Lanka, a COVID pill in China, and a looming critical mineral shortage.
The Week That’s Done: June 19June 20, 2022
Washington brings supply-side tools to a demand-side fight; the EU fares no better. Meanwhile Moscow turns off gas to Europe while Beijing continues to snipe chip tech. Plus: All eyes on Xinjiang, the Yen, and the WTO's pyrrhic victory.
The Week That’s Done: June 12June 12, 2022
Gas prices hit all-time highs as inflation gallops ahead; Washington relaxes solar tariffs while playing softball with Russia's plunder; plus China stocks make (minor) gains, BYD makes bigger gains, and TSX launches a battery metals index
The Week That’s Done: June 5June 5, 2022
The EU promises that it will block most Russian oil imports maybe – all while production continues to stall and Australia offers worrying indicators of shortage ahead; plus we have European inflation, car companies as space companies, and a pyrrhic victory for the US.
Factors and Markets Briefing: Week of May 23May 29, 2022
With record gas prices, squeezed agricultural producers, and stubborn labor crisis, the era of shortage is here to stay -- and likely worsen. Cue shifting consumer habits, Sri Lanka's default, and a move toward industrial integration (anti-trust be damned). Happy Memorial Day!
Markets Briefing: Week of May 16May 22, 2022
US stocks hit their longest losing streak since the Great Depression – while continuing lockdowns in China, energy dilemmas in Europe, and a continuing failure to invest in domestic production suggest that a reversal of fortune is not on the horizon
Factors Briefing: Week of May 16May 21, 2022
In a new era of shortage, adjustments are being made: Food nationalism rears its head in India, while in critical minerals automakers look to platinum over palladium; meanwhile, the US fails to incentivize greater oil and gas production while China scoops up Russia's at bargain basement prices
Markets Briefing: Week of May 9May 15, 2022
Against a backdrop of staggering inflation, it's general chaos: Crypto crashes, alongside the stock market; dependence on China freezes the US solar industry; the Hong Kong dollar's peg to the USD faces a squeeze; and somehow we're in a perfect storm of inflation, capital market collapse, and great power competition.
Factors Briefing: Week of May 9May 14, 2022
It's shortage everywhere: In agriculture, wheat is the latest victim, threatening tomorrow's food supply while a baby formula shortage wreaks havoc today; meanwhile, China eyes the aluminum vacuum and a South Korea x Canada collab tries to shore up tungsten dependencies.
Factors Briefing: Week of May 2May 8, 2022
India and China double down on coal as the global energy squeeze intensifies – and while Russian alumina supply dwindles; European automakers seek European rare earths supply, and kind of succeed; Malaysia makes moves to fill the cooking oil vacuum
Markets Briefing: Week of May 2May 7, 2022
As inflation soars, the Fed tightens the screws – and markets balk; the real economy weathers the storm better than most; both government and private sector double down on EV supply chains.
Factors Briefing: Week of April 25May 2, 2022
With the Ukraine war disrupting global cooking oil supply, Indonesia decides to up the stakes; new challenges to Russia's lithium supply provide a cautionary tale for the West (or should); and Chinese conglomerates prepare to gobble up Shell's stake in a Russian LNG project
Markets Briefing: Week of April 25April 30, 2022
Ping'an advises HSBC to split into an east and west operation -- which sounds like decoupling but could be the opposite; commodities markets wrestle with a liquidity squeeze; the EU steps up (kind of) for Lithuania amid trade dispute with China, and China continues to find loopholes in US trade regulations
Factors Briefing: Week of April 18April 24, 2022
Indonesia works to climb the nickel value chain while Mexico nationalizes its lithium reserves; fertilizer shortage injects new, cross-cutting threats into the global food market; and nuclear energy comes back into favor -- but how to source the uranium?
Markets Briefing: Week of April 18April 23, 2022
With recession alarms blaring, supply-side solutions remain elusive; the world writes off streaming even as Netflix's revenue grows; Chinese companies target European listings; and the Dutch bet big on photonics while the US-South Korea battery alliance hits rocky waters.
Factors Briefing: Week of April 11April 17, 2022
Amid soaring inflation, the specter of global food shortage; the titanium crunch throws aerospace companies for a loop; Elon Musk weighs tossing his hat into the mining ring
Markets Briefing: Week of April 11April 16, 2022
China's CNOOC grows wary of the US, but not of a global footprint; GM and Glencore announce a flashy new supply partnership; and Beijing signals that there's more intervention in capital markets ahead.
Factors Briefing: Week of April 4April 9, 2022
The global helium shortage puts chaos on the forecast -- and so does the EU's ban on Russian coal; China regains control of a major cobalt mine in the DRC
Markets Briefing: Week of April 4April 8, 2022
Canada wakes up -- kind of, and slowly -- to the risks of foreign investment in strategic areas; elsewhere, it's EVs, EVs, and EVs, but without commensurate attention to the upstream
Markets Briefing: Week of March 28April 2, 2022
The EU makes a long-shot bid for gas market leverage; the Commerce Department wises up to China's solar tariff circumvention; and China's Securities Regulatory Commission looks to cozy up to the SEC
Factors Briefing: Week of March 28April 1, 2022
The Biden Administration's SPR release fails to address supply gaps -- but invocation of the Defense Production Act for critical minerals maybe does; Canada's abundant resource supply pushes it to the big stage in a new geopolitical environment
Your March 25 BriefingMarch 25, 2022
Moscow teases decoupling, the London Metal Exchange braces for defaults, and the US faces an LNG squeeze.
Your March 18 BriefingMarch 18, 2022
Markets sour on China -- but don't really; the world trudges toward global food shortage; Europe's rare earths efforts risk finding themselves back on square one.
Welcome to Force Distance TimesMarch 1, 2022
Welcome to Force Distance Times. We’re a solutions-focused magazine dedicated to industrial dynamism.